On May 5, 2011, Nanteza Irene went into labor and was brought to the Hospital for her delivery.  Nanteza was admitted to the hospital at 1:35pm, and according to the state of her labor, she was expected to deliver by 5pm. However, a nurse attending her case detected that she was experiencing obstructed labor, an emergency condition which required intervention that only a trained doctor could provide. At 4:30 pm, the staff started to look for the doctor who was on duty, as the person trained to manage obstructed labor. Unfortunately, the doctor was nowhere to be found before Nanteza suffered a ruptured uterus and died. 

The Center for Health, Human Rights and Development (CEHURD), her husband, and her three daughters submitted a petition to the High Court of Uganda, claiming damages against the Nakaseke District Local Administration, which had administrative responsibility over the Hospital. They claimed the was a violation on the rights to health against Nanteza, as well as the rights of the children she had left behind.