Federation of Catholic Families in Europe (FAFCE) v. Sweden (2014)

In 2013, the Federation of Catholic Families in Europe (FAFCE) filed a collective complaint to the European Committee of Social Rights claiming that Sweden’s failure to establish a legal and policy framework governing conscience-based refusals by medical practitioners resulted in a violation of the European Social Charter’s right to protection of health as well as the prohibition of discrimination with respect to objecting medical providers and medical students. To that end, FAFCE alleged that permitting practitioners to refuse to perform abortions was necessary to promote good health for health care workers.