Gonzales Lluy v. Ecuador

In 1998, three-year-old Talía Gonzales Lluy was diagnosed with a blood disorder that required multiple blood transfusions to be treated. However, the donated blood was transfused into her body before it was tested for infectious diseases. Shortly thereafter, Talía tested positive for HIV. When she began attending primary school, she faced severe discrimination from school officials and teachers, and was barred from attending her classes. Further, the Gonzales Lluy family (the mother Teresa Lluy and the brother Ivàn Mauricio Lluy) was evicted and forced to move multiple times when landlords discovered Talía’s HIV status. After failing to obtain recourse in the domestic courts, the family sought redress from the Inter-American Court.