A writ petition was filed by disqualified candidates in the Supreme Court challenging the constitutionality of an election law that disqualified persons having more than two living children after a certain date from holding certain public offices in the Panchayat, a local government system, of the state of Haryana (Sections 175(1)(q) and 177(1) of the Haryana Panchayati Raj Act, 1994). The objective of these disqualification provisions was to “popularize” the family planning programs of the government. The challenge alleged that these disqualification provisions violated the right to equality before the law guaranteed by the Indian Constitution under Article 14 (as persons with two or less than two children qualified for public offices); the right to life and personal liberty under Article 21 of the Indian Constitution (as it prevented individuals from exercising liberty in their personal life as it relates to the number of children one chooses to have); and the right to religious freedoms under Article 25 of the Indian Constitution (as the practice of polygamy in Muslims often leads to more than two children).