The applicant gave birth by Caesarean section at a Hospital in Latvia in 1997. The surgeon conducting the Caesarean section performed a tubal ligation (sterilization) without the applicant’s consent. The applicant commenced civil proceedings against the hospital in the domestic courts. Ultimately, in December 2006, the applicant’s claim was upheld and she was awarded compensation.

During the course of the domestic legal proceedings, the hospital requested the Inspectorate of Quality Control for Medical Care and Fitness for Work to assess the applicant’s treatment in 1997. An administrative inquiry was initiated and in 2004, a report was released. The report contained sensitive, private medical information concerning the applicant and it concluded that the hospital had not violated any laws with regards to the applicant. The applicant lodged an administrative claim contending that the inquiry was unlawful and was done to assist the hospital during the litigation. The domestic courts rejected her claim.

The applicant submitted a complaint to the European Court of Human Rights claiming that the collection and presentation of her confidential medical data without her prior consent violated her right to respect for her private life under article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights.