Law and Advocacy for Women in Uganda, an NGO working to protect women’s rights, filed a petition before Justice of Appeal Twinomujuni challenging several tribes’ custom and practice of female genital mutilation (FGM) as being inconsistent with the Constitution of the Republic of Uganda 1995 (the Constitution). Uganda’s Constitutional Court (the Court) determined that the petition raised matters that required constitutional interpretation and therefore took the case into consideration.

The Petitioner asked the Court to declare FGM unconstitutional in accordance with Article 2(2) of the Constitution, alleging that it violated the right to life guaranteed under Article 22(1); the right to dignity and protection from inhuman treatment, secured under Article 24; the rights of women recognized under Article 33; and the right to privacy guaranteed under Article 27(2) of the Constitution.