L.M., MI and NH, were patients of various public hospitals in Namibia who were sterilized through bilateral tubal ligations without their informed consent. They claimed that the sterilization procedures were conducted because they were HIV-positive.

In 2010, L.M., MI and NH brought a petition before the High Court of Namibia, against the Namibian Government. They claimed that the following rights guaranteed in the Namibian Constitution had been violated: the right to life in terms of Article 6 of the Constitution; the right to liberty in terms of Article 7 of the Constitution; the right to human dignity under Article 8 of the Constitution; the right to equality and freedom from discrimination under Article 10 of the Constitution; and the right to found a family guaranteed in Article 14 of the Constitution.