The Medical Termination Act 1971 authorizes termination of pregnancy up to 20 weeks (Section 3(2)). The petitioner in this case, Meera Santosh Pal, sought directions under Article 32 of the Indian Constitution to allow her to undergo a medical termination of her pregnancy. By the time the petition was admitted in Court, Ms. Pal was in the 24th week of her pregnancy. Ms. Pal had learnt that she was carrying a pregnancy with anencephaly, a condition where the fetal skull, brain, and head is undeveloped. Such a condition is untreatable and is fatal either during or very shortly after birth. The condition is also one which can endanger the life of the pregnant woman. Ms. Pal had the support of her husband in her petition to terminate the pregnancy.