N.B., a 17-year-old adolescent of Roma ethnic origin, was sterilized without her informed consent following a caesarean section delivery at a public hospital. During labor, N.B. was given various sedative medications, after which, she was approached by a member of the medical staff who took her hand and assisted her in signing some forms. N.B. described feeling “intoxicated” from the medication and felt too weak to inquire about the contents of the documents. She only remembered a doctor instructing her to sign the papers or she would die. About six months later, N.B. found out she had been sterilized and was informed about the irreversible nature of the procedure. She also experienced inferior treatment at the hospital where women of Roma origin were accommodated separately from non-Roma women in the so called “Gypsy rooms.” N.B. also claimed that she had suffered serious physical and mental health problems as a result of the procedure, including being ostracized by her community because of her infertility.

N.B. argued that the forced sterilization violated her right to be free from inhuman and degrading treatment (Article 3), right to respect for private and family life (Article 8), right to found a family (Article 12), right to an effective remedy (Article 13), and freedom from discrimination based on sex and ethnic origin (Article 14) read in conjunction with Articles 3, 8, and 12 of the European Convention on Human Rights.