Nyumbani Children’s Home (“the Applicant”) requested a declaration from the High Court requiring public schools to permit HIV-positive children to enroll in their programs. The Applicant represented 91 children who were prohibited from attending public schools because of their HIV status. Of those 91 children, 41 attended costly private schools, and the remaining 50 studied informally at home. The Applicant, in collaboration with the Chamber of Justice, claimed that the public schools’ policy unjustly discriminated against the children based on their HIV status, and that there was no justifiable reason for precluding these children from attending public schools. The Applicant offered scientific evidence that demonstrates that HIV-positive children can live normal and healthy lives without affecting the well-being of other children.