Thomas Brighton Chirembwe, the accused, was a burglar who broke into houses and also committed acts of rape. He was charged with a combined thirty counts of contravening Section 131 (1) & 2 (unlawful entry) and Section 65 (rape) of the Criminal Law Act (Codification and Reform). Of the total 30 counts, 13 were counts of rape whereby, after entering 10 domestic premises, the accused committed the rapes.  

Chirembwe was convicted of 21 of the 30 counts. For those 21 counts, he received a total sentence of 290 years. Of these, the final 60 years were suspended for five years on condition he did not commit a crime involving unlawful entry, violence on the person of another, or an offence of a sexual nature. The magistrate had imposed the charges cumulatively, with 10 years for each count of unlawful entry, plus 20 years for each count of rape, amounting to 290 years prison sentence. The regional magistrate who handled the case referred the case to the High Court for review.