While undergoing surgery in connection with a miscarriage in a public hospital in Hungary, A.S., a Hungarian woman of Roma origin, was asked to sign a statement of consent to a caesarean section. The statement contained a barely legible hand written note using the Latin word for sterilization. Only after she was sterilized did A.S. learn that she had agreed to a procedure that would make her infertile. After A.S.’s claim of civil rights violations and negligent sterilization was rejected by the Hungarian courts, she then brought her case to the CEDAW Committee in 2004.