The Petitioner, a health activist based in the State of Madhya Pradesh, alleged that the state’s programs to reduce maternal mortality had not been properly and effectively implemented in Madhya Pradesh, and particularly within the Bhind district, where there was an acute shortage of trained healthcare providers, services, and equipment for pregnant women seeking care. One facility had women sharing beds, while another was sending women in need of blood transfusions to a health center that was two hours away. Basic infrastructure and sanitation were absent in many instances. The petitioner highlighted that Madhya Pradesh had the third highest maternal mortality rate out of all Indian States, to indicate the program’s failure. This case sought to address the high costs of healthcare and the failure of Madhya Pradesh’s public health system.