For many years V.K. was subjected to emotional, economic, psychological and physical violence by her husband. Following an incident where her husband had taken her son from her and denied her access to him for more than two months, V.K. filed an application for and was granted an interim protection order from the District Court. However, the Court later rejected her application for a permanent protection order, finding insufficient evidence of danger to her life and that of her children. She filed a communication with the Committee for the Elimination of Discrimination against Women alleging that Bulgaria had failed to provide her with effective protection against domestic violence in violation of the Convention for the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women.